Skin lesions diagnosis
Every mole is different. It can be either a mild change, but also a sign of a very serious disease. The dermatolgist is a specialist who decides whether the changes should be removed.
Computer dermatoscopy is a method of diagnosing the pigmented nevi on the skin (colloquially moles) with the usage of a video camera and a photo documentation of the skin lesion.
Talk to your dermatologist and get advice on removing the marks on the skin.
Regular screen tests (at least twice a year) are extremely important to your health. During the examination the doctors thoroughly checks the skin marks under magnification of the dermatoscope and assess them with the ABCDE system, which is a popular approach of monitoring in dermatoscopy.
- A – Assymetry
- B – Border
- C – Colour
- D – Diamater (over 5 mm diameter)
- E – Evolution
Unlike a hand-held dermatoscope, computer dermatoscopy allows you to save a photo of a particular lesion to detect fresh, new lesions or evolutions of already existing lesions.
The saved documentation determines whether the mark is active, i.e. whether it is growing, changing its colour, or whether it should be removed.
The pigmented nevi should be removed surgically and each of them must be examined histopathologically, so as not to overlook a malignant lesion.
Other skin lesions as: seborrheic keratosis or fibroids can be easily treated with the lasertherapy, leaving no scars.
Risk factors for the melanoma:
– numerous skin marks in different shapes and colours
– bright complexion (blonde or red hair, blue eyes, tendency to sunburns)
– long sunbathing which leads to sunburns
– family cases of melanoma
Taking into consideration data from recent years, the incidence of melanoma (malignant skin cancer) has increased. Just a few years ago, the growth was just about 5%, and now it is already 10% and it will probably continue to grow. That is why dermatoscopy is so important.
How to protect yourself?
- keep moderation and common sense when sunbathing
- use strong UV protective creams
- do not sunbathe in the hours 11 a.m. to 14 p.m.
- reduce the use of additional illumination by artificial light sources (e.g. solarium)
- regularly undergo the skin lesions control
The treatments are performed by specialized dermatologists and surgeons. The dermatologist or oncologist, depending on the type of lesion, selects the most appropriate form of treatment and decides whether it is necessary to have it removed.
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